Barbara McClintock won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1983 (she remains the only woman to have received an unshared prize in that category). She studied corn for most of her life, which might sound boring, but guess what? It was AWESOME CORN. Her corn studies allowed her to make significant discoveries and demonstrations in genetics, from the process of genetic recombination (crossing-over) to genetic mapping.
McClintock faced sexism in her field that prevented her from receiving proper recognition for her work for well, a long time (like, 30 or forty years).
thanks for the recommendation from troete